Nepal, known as the country of the gods, impresses you most is the ancient temples. In Nepal, from the foot of the Himalayas in the north to the Terai Plain in the south, temples can be seen almost everywhere.
In the Kathmandu Valley in central Nepal where tourists are concentrated, especially in Durbar Squares of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhadgaon, most of the religious buildings belong to Hinduism.
Swayambhunath Temple – Monkey’s Paradise
This Nepal temple is built on the top of a hill in the west of Kathmandu. Because there are many monkeys living here all year round, travelers prefer to call it “Monkey Temple”. It’s one of the oldest Buddhist temples in the world, with a history of more than 2500 years. According to legend, Sakyamuni once visited this place so it’s one of the oldest Buddhist holy sites in Asia. The main building of the Buddhist temple is a huge stupa with a square base. The monkey temple is also called the Four-Eyed holy Temple because there are eye patterns that symbolize the wisdom of the Buddha on all sides, implying the boundless power of the Buddha’s eyes. And four eyes can see every corner of Kathmandu, so it is a very suitable place to see the panoramic view of Kathmandu.
Pashupatinath Temple – UNESCO World Heritage
Listed in the “UNESCO World Heritage”, Pashupatinath Temple, five kilometers away from Kathmandu, is one of the most important temples in Hinduism. “Pashu” means “all beings” and “patinath” means “lord”. It was built in the 5th century and dedicated to Lord Shiva, the god of destruction. It’s one of the four largest temples dedicated to Shiva the Indian subcontinent. For 1500 years, endless believers have come to this Nepali temple to worship.
Pashupatinath Temple has a three-story roof and some buildings painted in yellow and white around it. The reason why tourists from all over the world are interested in it is mostly because of the cremation scenes of Hindus. Only Hindus are allowed to enter here. Most tourists stand on the bridge or sit on the opposite bank to watch. During the cremation ceremony, tourists are not forbidden to take photos. However, even if you see it across the bank, the shock is self-evident.
Boudhanath Stupa – the Largest Round Stupa in the World
Boudhanath Stupa(Boudha stupa) is located 8 kilometers east of Kathmandu’s city center. With a huge white dome, the tower is 38 meters high and 100 meters in diameter. Bodhnath is the largest round stupa in the world, and one of the cultural heritage of the Kathmandu Valley. Boudha Stupa is an important holy place for Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal. When believers pray, they must walk in a clockwise direction, and turn the prayer wheel, while drawing rosary beads or reciting scriptures. The huge tower base, the majestic golden roof, the five-color prayer flags fluttering in the wind, and the Buddha eyes full of compassion and power have become major symbols of Nepal.