After dealing with a difficult pandemic situation and other airborne diseases, the Northern Hemisphere of the globe opines Steven Rindner is faced with yet another challenge in the form of Lyme disease. There is no denying the sea changes that have occurred in the global climate.
Causes of the disease
The increasing warmth of the atmosphere coupled with the widespread clearing of forests to construct buildings has been a key contributor to this. There is a marked decrease in the physical proximity between the animal kingdom and the humans due to this. The animals who were in the natural habitat and probable carriers of diseases are being forced to loiter close to human habitation. This is how humans are becoming more susceptible to being attacked by various diseases.
One such airborne disease caused by ticks is Lyme disease. The number of individuals affected by this, as Steven Rindner points out, is a startling 30,000 per year. With the change in living style, a lot more people have started to consider walking as a part of a healthy lifestyle and have therefore taken to the activity vigorously. This makes travel on new paths and roads, thus exposing themselves to the possibility of being affected by such airborne illnesses.
The increasing warmth in the surrounding air has caused the ticks to breed at an unimaginable rate and earlier than usual. All these causes have led to a widespread attack of Lyme disease rampantly. Caused by the Borrelia bacterium, red rashes are the most regular sign of this disease. One could experience a slightly increased body temperature along with headache and tiredness on being bitten by this tick.
Stages of the disease
Lyme disease is known to have various stages which are as follows:
- Known by the name of early localized Lyme disease is the first stage of the disease. It is the phase in which the bacteria has just inhabited the host body. They have not yet spread.
- The name for the second stage is early disseminated Lyme disease. During this phase, the bacteria begin to multiply throughout the body.
- The final phase known as the late disseminated Lyme disease sees the spread of the bacteria to as far as the nerves and joints.
Common symptoms of the disease
The most common signs that help one understand the occurrence of the disease at different stages can be summed up in the following suggests Steven Rindner.
- Pain in joints
- Pain in muscles
- Fever with cold chills
- Acute headache
- Stiffness in the neck
- Pain or numbness in the nerves
- Weakness in the facial muscles or even paralysis
- Severe headaches such as meningitis along with high temperature and stiffness of the neck
- A tendency to become unconscious or lightness in the head caused by skipped heartbeats
- Accumulation of fluid in various joints
- Affected knee joints
- Probable numbness in peripheral nerves
The diagnosis of Lyme disease is done on two levels, both of which are different types of ELISA tests (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). After the diagnosis and confirmation of the disease, a patient must be treated with a course of antibiotics over 10 to 14 days. But the treatment should be administered as soon as possible to keep further complications of nerves, joints, and heart at bay.